EIA (Environmental Impact Assessment)

The Environmental Impact Assessment (EIA) was introduced with Directive 85/337/EEC, which requires, before making one of the works expressly specified in the attachments to the measure, to submit to the Public Administration the project, in order to assess the negative potentials:

 

  • human being, fauna and flora;
  • on ground, water, air, climate and the landscape;
  • material assets and the cultural heritage;
  • the interaction between these factors.

This procedure is divided into four phases:
1. Preparation of the environmental impact study, which includes: a description of the project, the evaluation of possible adverse effects of the work to be carried out, a description of the measures provided to avoid them, reduce them and compensate the environmental impact, a description of main alternatives and the summary of the content of the file.
2.  Consultation with the concerned authorities.
3. Public discussion.
4. Final evaluation.
The Decree Legislative of 3 April 2006, n. 152, which reformulated the environmental law, is – in its “Part II” – the current framework law on the EIA (Environmental Impact Assessment) and SIA (Strategic Impact Assessment), bringing together in one organic text the so far fragmented discipline. The final and transitional provisions (Articles 48-52) lay down the procedures for the repeal of the measures listed (12). The rules fully repealed by the new Decree aren’t numerous; remember, from 12 August 2006:

  • Presidential Decree April 12, 1996 (“Act of directives for the implementation of the provisions on environmental impact assessment”);
  • D.P.C.M. September 3, 1999 (amending and supplementing the Presidential Decree 12 April 1996);
  • D.P.C.M. September 1, 2000 (also amending and supplementing the Presidential Decree 12 April 1996).

The technical staff of TREE Srl supports customers during the process of development of the Environmental Impact Assessmentsthrough:

  • The analysis and evaluation of the project to be developed and the identification of the correct authorization process.
  • The preparation of all project works necessary for the preparation and delivery of requests for authorization to the competent authorities.The assistance during the approval process and relations with the relevant bodies, including the participation of skilled staff in the preliminary meetings in the conference services, and further opportunities for discussion with the relevant bodies.